Statistics

Number of Schools by Level and Type

2015

2014

2013

2012

2011

2010

2009

2008

Pre-school Education Institutions

223683

209881

198553

181251

166750

150420

138209

133722

Regular Primary Schools

190525

201377

213529

228585

241249

257410

280184

300854

Lower Secondary Education Schools

52405

52623

52804

53216

54117

54890

56320

57914

Regular Lower Secondary Schools

52383

52597

52764

53167

54063

54823

56167

57701

Vocational Lower Secondary Schools

22

26

40

49

54

67

153

213

Upper Secondary Education

24945

25677

26225

26868

27638

28584

29761

30806

Regular Upper Secondary Schools

13240

13253

13352

13509

13688

14058

14607

15206

Adult High Schools

503

546

611

696

857

654

753

753

Secondary Vocational Education

11202

11878

12262

12663

13093

13872

14401

14847

Regular HEIs

2560

2529

2491

2442

2409

2358

2305

2263

HEIs Offering Degree Programs

1219

1202

1170

11145

1129

1112

1090

1079

Higher Vocational Colleges

1341

1327

1321

1297

1280

1246

1215

1184

Institutions Providing Postgraduate Programs

792

788

830

811

755

797

796

796

Regular HEIs

575

571

548

534

481

481

481

479

Research Institutes

217

217

282

277

274

316

315

317

Total Enrolment in Number of Students by Level and by Type

Unit: Ten Thousand

2015

2014

2013

2012

2011

2010

2009

2008

Pre-Primary Education

4264.8

4050.7

3894.7

3685.8

3424.4

2976.7

2657.8

2476.0

Primary Education

9692.2

9451.1

9360.5

9695.9

9926.4

9940.7

10071.5

10331.5

Lower Secondary Education

4312.0

4384.6

4440.1

4763.1

5066.8

5279.3

5440.9

5585.0

Upper Secondary Education

4037.7

4170.7

4369.9

4595.3

4686.6

4677.3

4640.9

4576.1

Regular Upper Secondary Schools

2374.4

2400.5

2435.9

2467.2

2454.8

2427.31

2434.3

2476.3

Adult High Schools

6.6

14.9

11.1

14.4

26.5

11.5

11.5

12.7

Secondary Vocational Education

1656.7

1755.3

1923.0

2113.7

2205.3

2238.5

2195.2

2087.1

Higher Education in Total

3647

3559

3460

3325

3167

3105

2979

2907

Regular HEIs

2625.3

2547.7

2468.1

2391.3

2308.5

2231.8

2144.7

2021.0

HEIs Offering Degree Programs

1576.7

1541.1

1494.4

1427.1

1349.7

1265.6

1179.9

1104.2

Higher Vocational Colleges

1048.6

1006.6

973.6

964.2

958.9

966.2

964.8

916.8

Postgraduates Education

191.1

184.8

179.4

172.0

164.6

153.8

140.5

128.3

Master Degrees

158.5

153.5

149.6

143.6

137.5

127.9

115.9

104.6

PhD Degrees

32.7

31.3

29.8

28.4

27.1

25.9

24.6

23.7

Source: 2008-2013 National Education Development Statistics Bulletin

Gross Enrolment Ratio of Education by level

Unit: percent

2015

2014

2013

2012

2011

2010

2009

2008

Pre-Primary Education (aged 3-5)

75.0

70.5

67.5

64.5

62.3

56.6

50.9

47.3

Lower Secondary Education (aged 12-14)

104

103.5

104.1

102.1

100.1

100.1

99.0

98.5

Upper Secondary Education (aged 15-17)

87

86.5

86.0

85.0

84.0

82.5

79.2

74.0

Higher Education (aged 18-22)

40

37.5

34.5

30.0

26.9

26.5

24.2

23.3

Note: 1. Gross enrolment ratio means the number of students at school account for the total number of same age students defined by government;
2. Lower secondary education includes regular lower secondary schools and vocational lower secondary schools;
3. Upper secondary education include regular upper secondary schools, adult high schools and secondary vocational education(regular secondary specialized schools, vocational high schools, adult secondary specialized schools and technical schools)
4. Higher education includes Master Degree, regular Bachelor Degree and vocational colleges, adult Bachelor Degree and vocational colleges, Internet Bachelor Degree and vocational colleges, higher education self-learning Bachelor Degree and vocational colleges etc. all kinds of higher education students.

Number of Full-time Teachers of schools

Unit: Ten Thousand

Indicators

2015

2014

2013

2012

2011

2010

2009

2008

Pre-school Education

205.1

184.4

166.3

147.9

131.6

114.4

98.6

89.9

Regular Primary Schools

568.5

563.4

558.5

558.5

560.5

561.7

563.3

562.2

Regular Lower Secondary Schools

347.6

348.8

348.1

350.4

352.5

352.5

351.8

347.6

Regular Upper Secondary Schools

169.5

166.3

162.9

159.5

155.7

151.8

149.3

147.6

Vocational Upper Secondary Schools

84.4

85.8

86.8

88.1

88.2

87.1

86.9

88.0

Vocational Upper Secondary Schools

157.3

153.5

149.7

144.0

139.3

134.3

129.5

123.7

Student-Teacher Ratio by Level of Regular Education

Full Time Teacher=1

Indicators

2015

2014

2013

2012

2011

2010

2009

2008

Primary Education

17.05

16.78

16.76

17.36

17.71

17.70

17.88

18.38

Lower Secondary Education

12.41

12.57

12.76

13.59

14.38

14.98

15.47

16.07

Regular Upper Secondary Education

14.01

14.44

14.95

15.47

15.77

15.99

16.30

16.78

Regular Institutions of Higher Education

17.73

17.68

17.53

17.52

17.42

17.33

17.27

17.23

Note: Of the student-teacher ratio of regular institution of higher education, full-time teachers include those from other schools.

Education Expenditure in Chinese Yuan (CNY)

2014

2013

2012

2011

2010

2009

2008

National Educational Budget (trillions) (CNY).

3.280646

3.036472

2.865531

2.386929

1.956185

1.650271

1.450074

National Fiscal Education Budget (trillions) (CNY).

2.642058

2.448822

2.314757

1.85867

1.467007

1.223109

1.044963

Public fiscal education spending as a percentage of public fiscal spending (percent).

14.87

15.27

16.13

16.31

15.76

15.69

16.32

National fiscal education expenditure as a percentage of GDP.

4.10

4.11

4.28

3.80

3.55

3.50

3.27

Budgetary per student concurrent public expenditure of regular primary schools (CNY).

7681.02

6901.77

6128.99

4966.04

4012.51

3357.92

2757.53

Budgetary per student concurrent public expenditure of regular lower secondary schools (CNY).

10359.33

9258.37

8137

6541.86

5213.91

4331.62

3543.25

Budgetary per student concurrent public expenditure of regular upper secondary schools (CNY).

9024.96

8448.14

7775.94

5999.6

4509.54

3757.6

3208.84

Budgetary per student concurrent public expenditure of secondary vocational schools (CNY).

9128.83

8784.64

7563.95

6148.28

4842.45

4262.52

3811.34

Budgetary per student concurrent public expenditure of regular institutions of higher education (CNY).

16102.72

15591.72

16367.21

13877.53

9589.73

8542.3

7577.71

Note: 1. The public expenditure of 2008-2011 contains education development budget, basic construction budget, Educational Surtax, Research Budget and others. Since 2012, it includes obtains education development budget, basic construction budget and Educational Surtax.
2. According to National Statistics Bureau released the announcement of Reform on R&D Expenditure Accounting Methods to Revise the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Accounting Data on Jul. 5th.

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